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Jurnal ISEI Tahun 2009




Penulis: Lena Ellitan-Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Surabaya [ 25/6/2007 ]


Over the years more and more business organizations have invested in the new technology in order to stay competitive. The role of technology as factor of success in competitive arena has become a subject of significant interest amongst practitioners and academicians. This research focuses on hard and soft technology aoption that is considered as success factor of firms? competitive advantage. Overall business performance was evaluated in terms of financial performance, manufacturing performance, financial performance growth and manufacturing performance growth. The hypotheses predict that adoption of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies ( AMT ), Total Quality Management ( TQM ), Just In Time ( JIT ), Total Productive Manufacturing ( TPM ), Manufacturing Resources Planning ( MRP2 ), and benchmarking determine the performance of the organization s. the relationship between the level of of technological adoption and organizations? performance is examined, as well. The data of such information was collected through mailed questionnaires with 500 respondents of CEOs of large manufacturing firms in Indonesia. from 500 respondents, 104 responses were collected, so that is of a 21,05 % response rate. The hypotheses were tested by using regression analysis. The result shows that AMT has a positive and significant effect on financial performance, financial performance growth, and manufacturing performance growth. In the other hand, JIT and MRP2 have a positive and significant effect on both manufacturing performance and manufacturing performance growth. Base on the result of this study, AMT, JIT, and , MRP2 seem to play a dominant role in improving organizations performance.

Keywords : technology adoption, business performance, manufacturing firms